The historical trend of mechanics from 1990 to 2017: a trend in improvement
Milan, 11 July 2017 - News from the Italian mechanical industry is positive. The 2017 forecasts of the production mark a + 3,7%, equal to 46,6 mils of euros. A jump compared to the 45 billions of Euros with 2016, which had exceeded the 2015 results with a + 1,1%. None of the 36 sectors represented by the Anima Federation report a negative sign.
The histogram chart captures the historical trend of mechanical manufacturing from 1990 to 2017. Almost thirty years of production steadily increased steadily, with only a few exceptions, up to the 2008. Since 2009, as in so many other areas, suddenly lost 16 points. Production values began to rise only in the 2015 and prospered a good jump in the 2017.
"Moderate euphoria also stems from accelerating investment in technology, which has already been activated in the 2016," says Chairman of Anima / Confindustria, Alberto Caprari. "The incentives of the 4.0 National Industry Plan have given businesses and entrepreneurs a contribution, even psychological, to growth that now needs to be solid and structured." A perception that is confirmed in investment data, which between 2015 and 2016 has just marked a + 0,3%, while in 2017 there is a consistent growth of + 13,3%. "They are beautiful numbers that have not been read for several years. We are talking about technological innovation injected into our factories, both in terms of improvement and efficiency in production processes, but also in the development of new 4.0 products and services, "continues Caprari.
The Anima Studies Institute has analyzed the sectors represented by the Federation, most involved in the incentives provided by the National Industry Plan 4.0, promoted by the Ministry of Economic Development.
In particular, food technology, industrial valves, and caldera have invested millions of euros in 4.0 technologies for processes and products in both 2016 and 2017, due to the only measure of depreciation applied to tangible and intangible assets, as indicated From Annexes A and B to the Ministerial Plan. The table shows how the growth of the "input" sectors of 4.0 in the company is much more intense (+ 6,4% as production and + 16,9% as investments) than the average of the Anima subfunds.
"Innovation and research are two key elements to be truly competitive, especially in international trade," Caprari emphasized. Exports in the 2016, compared to the previous year, grew by + 0,9%. According to the 2017 forecast, a value of goods of + 2,5% will be exported. Thus, from the 26,3 billion of 2016 to the 26,9 billion of euros this year. The 2016 export share represented 58,4% of total production, while 2017 is estimated to be equal to 57,8%. Therefore, the positive contribution made by the Italian domestic market, which is showing signs of recovery, is evident.
"The sub-funds represented by the Anima Federation export much of what they produce, with 90% points in some areas of building technology or specialized components," Caprari points out. "The United States has become the first export country for Italian mechanics. With a sustained growth rate from the 2012 to today, the US has required more mechanical technology than Germany and France, which have kept steady in the years of crisis, with a slight increase in the last three semesters. The United Kingdom is also stable, fourth, despite Brexit's fears. It is worrying that Russia is decreasing its export value, dropping to eighth place, "comments Caprari. "Sanctions, just renewed, are aggravating the difficulties of excellence, which is the Italian mechanics, not only very demanding but fundamental to the development of this great country. Over the last few months, companies are working with alternative solutions such as joint ventures or industrial partnerships. "
Germany is one of the countries where we import components and machinery. China increases its value, but maintains an important gap between the traditional and historic German partner.
ANIMA - Federation of National Associations of Variable and Affordable Mechanical Industry - is the industrial organization of the category that, within Confindustria, represents the companies of the various and similar mechanics, a sector that occupy 212.000 employees for a turnover of 45 billion of Euro and an export / turnover share of 58% (data referring to 2016). The macropositions represented by ANIMA are: machines and plants for the production of energy and for the chemical and petroleum industry - assembly of industrial plants; Logistics and handling of goods; Technologies and equipment for water and foodstuffs; Technologies and products for the industry; Installations, machines produced for the building; Machines and installations for the security of the man and of the environment; Buildings metalliche in gender.
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