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Within the ANIMA Federation, the Climgas Association promote the diffusion of gas appliances that, by exploiting efficient thermodynamic systems, make it possible to transform the potential energy of natural gas into thermal and cooling energy. Gas systems can bring concrete benefits in energy and economic terms compared to traditional systems of production of thermal and cooling energy that use electricity as an energy source.
It is possible, with efficient thermodynamic processes, to transform the potential energy of natural gas into thermal and cooling energy. These processes present concrete advantages in terms of energy and ecological compared to traditional systems for producing cold that use electricity as an energy source. It is not surprising, therefore, that in the industrialized countries of the world where the attention towards environmental and energy saving issues (Japan, USA, Northern Europe) is more active, has invested heavily in the research and development of refrigeration machines and heat pumps powered by natural gas.
Thanks to these efforts, the technology of gas refrigeration machines has recently recorded substantial progress, both in terms of performance and reliability. Today, the industry is ripe to offer the market a wide range of components and systems for natural gas conditioning of optimal characteristics.
Benefits energy, environmental and strategic achievable with air-conditioning gas.
The advantages energy, environmental and strategic and effective dissemination of the gas conditioning would result can be summarized as follows.
Primary energy savings
The relationship between the cooling energy generated and the primary energy consumed, an application for conventional, electrically operated, is placed around values generally less than unity, where the systems more efficient gas can reach values of energy efficiency higher .
a) In terms of greenhouse effect: it has a substantial reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, in part as a direct result of the energy savings mentioned above, in part for the replacement process of starting fuels (fuel oil and coal).
In addition, the gas absorption refrigerators do not use, unlike conventional machines, greenhouse gases, which are the old refrigerants (chlorofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons) and new (fluorocarbons).
b) In terms of air quality with less power consumption resulting from the diffusion of the gas conditioning correspond lower emissions of pollutants (NOx, SOx, particulates, etc.) associated with the thermal power plants.
Strategic advantages for the energy system of the country
a) The consumption of natural gas have a highly seasonal, an increase in gas demand during the summer season would allow for a more rational management of the gas, better use of the reserves, a lower rate of energy consumption associated with the storage of the gas.
b) Decrease in summer electricity consumption peaks. The continuous (and inevitable) increase in demand for air conditioning leads to considerable electric power distribution problems, particularly on the medium and low voltage networks. Already, users are at times denied the opportunity to increase their power supply. By contrast, the gas distribution grid, on the winter consumption, is perfectly able to meet the gas conditioning requirements.
In consideration of all the above, the operators felt the need to develop a concerted action, which acts synergistically on the various factors that characterize the market. Thus was born Climgas, Association of Builders and Distributors of Gas Equipment for Air Conditioning.