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2020 Horizon is the newest and largest integrated funding program put in place by the European Commission and intended to research. The program is aimed at promoting the development of the European economy and will provide almost 80 billion euro from January 1 2014 until December 31 2020 with a structure that provides 3 "Pillars" - (Science Excellence; Competitive Industries; Societal Challenge ) and 5 "cross-cutting programs."
As part of the "pillar" H2020 "Societal Challenge" - Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy - Low Carbon Technologies - Italcogen of COGEN Europe is a partner in the project COMPETITIVE LOW-CARBON ENERGY / small-scale storage-LCE-08 2014.
In order to maximize the load factor of the plant in the traditional surroundings, the CHP has always been sized to cover the base load; This has at least the CHP to maximize the abatement of CO2 in a system powered predominantly by fossil fuels.
Today, as we move to a low carbon economy, the European electricity system is going through a unique moment of change, with traditional generation facilities called to chase the fluctuations in production from non-programmable renewable sources. Moreover, given the current situation of overcapacity, it is increasingly likely that the cogeneration plants using fossil fuels can not always work with high load factors, which could result in failure to return on investment, even if they are not ruled out certain periods of under-supply, with peak loads and lack of production from non-programmable renewable sources.
In the right market conditions, this can be an opportunity for cogeneration that could exploit more effectively the peak hours with higher energy prices, thanks to the greater flexibility than the basic production. These circumstances may occur in various ways such as with the TSO in need of a quick adjustment of the network, or with the use of cogeneration to supply bottlenecks in low voltage distribution.
Efficiency and safety are the key words in the distributed generation of tomorrow, where CHP can play an important role in covering the base load and still provide the necessary stability to the electricity grid.
In this context, the study proposed by H2020 project aims to improve understanding of the cogeneration potential "flexible" in the future energy market, addressing both the industry, and to policy makers.
The results of the study will be of interest to:
• the industry such as technology developers and suppliers indicating operating strategies, design parameters and areas of interest for future development.
• The transmission system of electricity and regulators: with the aim of assessing the potential of cogeneration in the optimization of the operation of the network and identify investment strategies.
• Policymakers: giving an economic evaluation of options for achieving the decarbonisation target and indicating the potential market failures that may limit the development of the cogeneration potential in the future scenarios
The study, coordinated by COGEN Europe and in collaboration with Imperial College London, will be based on an economic analysis and feasibility of cogeneration plants "flexible" seen in the future energy market conditions.
In order to highlight the different situations that exist in Europe, will be taken into account several cogeneration plants operating in different market conditions, which will be evaluated on the basis of three possible future scenarios and scenario conservative based on current conditions .
The phases of the project are threefold:
1) Development of scenarios and manufacture of models of computation;
2) Analysis: application of scenarios to model systems and sensitivity analysis;
3) Benchmarking: Qualitative evaluation and identification of best practices and possible "market failures"
Participants in the project will be:
· Suppliers of components and cogeneration plants (with expertise on technologies, operational and economic parameters of the plants);
· Analysts energy market (for the development of possible scenarios and economic evaluations of the market);
· Technical Consultants (for the development of computational models on cogeneration plants);
· Experts in electrical networks (to assess systems on the network and give input on economic values in different scenarios);
· Managers of cogeneration plants (skills on the ability of the systems, their flexibility, cost, and operational limits);
Finally, the duration of the project is estimated at 24-36 months.